Hatha & Power Yoga
Hatha yoga is a holistic yogic path, including disciplines, postures (asana), purification procedures (shatkriya), gestures (mudra), breathing (pranayama), and meditation. The hatha yoga predominantly practiced in the West consists of mostly asanas understood as physical exercises. It is also recognized as a stress-reducing practice.
Hatha yoga is one of the two branches of yoga that focuses on the physical culture, the other one being raja yoga. Both of these are commonly referred to as sadanga yoga, i.e., yoga of six parts ('sad' meaning six and 'anga' meaning limbs). Svatmarama emphasizes many times in his Hathapradipika text that there is no raja yoga without hatha yoga and no hatha yoga without raja yoga. The main difference is that raja yoga uses asanas mainly to get the body ready for prolonged meditation, and hence focuses more on the meditative asanas: Lotus Posture (padmasana), Accomplished Posture (siddhasana), Easy Posture (sukhasana) and Pelvic Posture (vajrasana). Hatha yoga utilizes not only meditative postures but also cultural postures. Similarly, raja yoga's use of pranayama is also devoid of extensive locks (bandha).
Hatha represents opposing energies: hot and cold , positive and negative. Hatha yoga attempts to balance mind and body via physical postures or "asanas", purification practices, controlled breathing, and the calming of the mind through relaxation and meditation. Asanas teach poise, balance and strength and are practiced to improve the body's physical health and clear the mind in preparation for meditation. However if an individual has too much phlegm or fat then purification procedures are a necessity before undertaking pranayama.
Hatha yoga consists of six limbs focused on attaining samadhi. In this scheme, the six limbs of hatha yoga are defined as asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana and samadhi. The basic text of hatha yoga is Hathapradipika by Swatmarama, a grand disciple of Sahajananda (from the lineage of Sopana, the younger brother of Dnyaneshwar Maharaj of Alandi near Pune). An important part of hatha practices is awakening of Kundalini. The signs of success in hatha yoga are slenderness of the body, cheerful face, hearing mystical sound, bright eyes, sense of well-being, control over the bindu, increase in gastric fire and purification of the nadis.
Power Yoga was introduced in 1990 mainly considering the people who are too busy in this modern world and can't give time to their health daily. Also,to achieve the fruitful results in a lesser period of time,this yoga was introduced. Because in this modern and competitve life,there is shortage of time amongst the people. For them, this Yoga was introduced which restrics itself basically to physical fitness..It is practised mostly in the morning time and if practised for 2-3 days in a week will give you the same results of what is done in a full week.The basic time limit of doing this yoga is 45min-1 hr.
Power Yoga emphasizes both Ashtanga and Hatha Yoga. But, the way of doing it is entirely different because it doesnot deals with mental or spiritual growth. For whole time, it is done without any break. Non-stop asanas are practised in this with full force..And this Yoga is meant only for those people who are free from any disease.Also, the age limit for this yoga is meant from 16-35.
Practising this yoga helps to reduce the weight in a shorter period.It also helps in strengthening the muscles and helps in body-building..Power Yoga is considered as the Athletic Style Of Yoga.